Intellectual Disability

Print
Press Enter to show all options, press Tab go to next option

What is an Intellectual Disability?

Intellectual Disability (ID) (formerly known as Mental Retardation) is defined as significant sub-average level of intellectual functioning. IQ levels are 70 or below with concurrent deficits or impairments in adaptive functioning such as areas of self-help and safety awareness. Levels are as follows: Mild ID, IQ is between 50-70; Moderate ID, IQ is between 35-55; Severe ID, IQ is between 20-40 and Profound ID, IQ is below 20.

Global Developmental Delay: diagnosis is given when the child is under age 5 and level of severity is unable to be assessed but there is suspicion of possible ID. Re-evaluation is necessary to confirm diagnosis

Unspecified Intellectual Disability: diagnosis given when an individual is over the age of 5 and standardized testing is unable to be completed due to physical, motor, behavioral, or mental health factors but there is a suspicion of ID. Re-evaluation is necessary to confirm a diagnosis.

Resources and links to Organizations*:

American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities  

For additional resources and links, please visit our Links page here.

 

*The listing of Resources and Organization links are for informational purposes only and is not intended to reflect an endorsement by the Eastern Los Angeles Regional Center (ELARC).